30-year-old men than women, more than 20 million bachelor crisis highlights

According to the statistics of National Bureau of Statistics population projections, the 30-year-old males than females more than 20 million. The next 10 years, the average annual new entrants to the age of marriage for men than women about more than 100 million people. Gradually into the marriage and child rearing period of 80, after 90 young people, is experiencing increasingly serious challenge to the marriage squeeze. The experts believe that the sex ratio at birth is high long-term social problems caused by the recessive to dominant, the most direct impact of the marriage squeeze phenomenon highlights. [Say] the high sex ratio of nearly 30 years

The next 10 years, the average annual new entrants to the age of marriage for men than women about more than 100 million people. 80, after 90 population suffered increasingly severe marriage squeeze challenge

“You do not have to worry about the language barrier, do not worry not get along.”, “Three months married to hand, ran away to lose a” one year, this is a “buy Vietnamese brides,” the ad. Sale of the business of Vietnamese brides in the Guangxi-Vietnam border, troubled. The prices are also increasing as demand climbed all the way to its current 50,000 to 20 million by the 1990s, three thousand dollars. Among them, Pianhun, fleeing forced marriages events are common, the police in combating trafficking and the repatriation of Vietnamese brides action from time to time made public.

“Some of the poor and backward areas ‘wife famine’, ‘the sale of the bride’ phenomenon, which is the negative consequences of Sex Ratio at Birth.” Caring for Girls comprehensive management of high sex ratio problem the team leader, Nankai University, Population and Institute of Development Studies, Professor of the original new.

Sex Ratio at Birth, also known as infant sex ratio. Natural circumstances, born for every 100 girls, was born corresponding 103-107 boys. Mortality of boys than girls, to marriage and childbearing age, the number of men and women tend to equal. Therefore, the normal values set by the United Nations, 103-107.

The third national census since 1982 found that the sex ratio at birth is high since the country has experienced nearly 30 years of the high sex ratio continues to rise process, in 2008 the highest value of 120.56, the birth sex structural imbalance in the world serious one.

In the 1980s, the only township sex ratio at birth high; 90 years after the urban sex ratio at birth to high at first, second, high sex ratio at birth of three children, now one-child sex ratio at birth increased “original said that China was born to the high sex ratio areas from the east to the west, from rural to urban spread rapidly, covering almost all parts of the country.

The high sex ratio in the recently held national comprehensive management of cum on Key Management Work Conference, the National Population and Family Planning Commission the Ren Wangxia said that in 2009 the sex ratio at birth continued to rise trend inflection point for the first time for three consecutive years of decline 2011 to 117.78. However, the decline is limited, on the whole still more than 10 higher than the warning line. Consolidate the sex ratio at birth continued to decline the task is still arduous.

Original new view, the sex ratio at birth is high long-term social problems caused by the recessive to dominant, the most direct impact of the marriage squeeze phenomenon highlights.

According to statistics of National Bureau of Statistics population projections, the 30-year-old men than women out of more than 2000 million. The next 10 years, the average annual new entrants to the age of marriage for men than women about more than 100 million people. Gradually into the marriage and child rearing period of 80, after 90 young people, is experiencing increasingly serious challenge to the marriage squeeze.

“Bachelor” crisis greater than the “remainder”

The occurrence of “male left” the final deposition in low-income poor, aggravated trafficking in women and in the backward region, mercenary marriage, sexual crime phenomenon

Sex Ratio at Birth in China remained high for nearly 30 years, although the cause of a large number of “marital surplus males”, but the moment people paid more attention to female “seems” left.

“This is the reason for the asymmetry of information.” Department of Sociology, Peking University professor Li Jianxin analysis of birth sex ratio at high long-term social problems arising from the first landing in the remote poor rural rather than urban. Due to the lack of information of these backward regions, the remaining male “crisis rarely entered the public view.

In fact, men and women of marriageable population imbalance with “married marry low mating mode caused by the” marriage gradient extrusion, resulting in today’s society, the formation of two phenomena: the side of the rural backward areas “bachelor” constantly, and one side is a lot of big city “left women” increased.

Jianxin high marry the reality of marriage in addition to pay attention to “match”, the “married” and “men of high female low” gradient marriage mode. A, B, C, D, personal sort of socio-economic status, then in accordance with the pattern A male with female B, B male, female, with C and C male with small female, what is left is a female and Dingnan. “Surplus men” is a passive single, “remainder” mostly personal choice.

According to the person in charge of the Ministry of Civil Affairs, from the civil affairs departments across the country in recent years of marriage registration, the gap between male and female age of marriage is becoming a trend. When there is a shortage when the women entering the marriageable age for men to the low age of female mate choice. Extruded to a certain extent, the further development of other areas – the city I find a country girl, and affluent areas of men find the women of underdeveloped areas. The remaining men, “the final deposition in low-income poor.

Population and Development Studies of Xi’an Jiaotong University, had chosen the East, 369 of the 28 provinces of central and western representative of the administrative villages, older unmarried male population (28 years of age and over, never married) to investigate, make hundred villages the gender imbalance and social stability in the technical report. ”

The report shows that in every village of the country’s 28 provinces an average of nine male “bachelor”, and their average age was 41.4 years old. “Bachelor” the degree of aggregation increased gradually from east to west, western 3.21 percent, east to 2.26%.

Compared to the eastern and central and western regions are at a disadvantage on the geographical location or economic level, the men in the marriage market has a relatively small capital. By the male marriage squeeze more concentrated in the west.

“Marriage squeeze the pain is not only to produce a large number of ‘bachelor’, but also because of the poor to become the main ‘victim’.” Original new, high social status of male mate choice does not exist, and the low educational level, income and less social status low male mate will be very difficult. Realistic objective stimulus and exacerbate the backward areas of trafficking in women, the mercenary marriage, the occurrence of the phenomenon of crime.

From this perspective, the “bachelor” crisis in rural areas than cities “remainder” problem. It is not only related to personal development, family well-being, affect social harmony and stability.

Threat to ecological security of the population

The future of the social class structure, consumption structure, organizational structure and so will be male dominated, the impact on economic and social sustainable development

New, original, stressed that the sex ratio at birth remained high for a long and not simply a severe population problem, it is a major social problem.

The gender imbalance in China’s population development. Direct the fertility of female “deficit” will inevitably lead to the birth rate decline, further reducing the total population and the working-age population size, and speed up the process of population aging.

Long-term imbalance in sex ratio at birth, intertwined with an aging population, exacerbated the irrational nature of the population structure is not conducive to social and economic development. Long-term, “surplus” males there is no spouse and heirs, to create problems for the future of their pension and their parents pension.

The gender imbalance also brought employment squeeze. An often between Guangzhou, Hangzhou, Shanghai and other clothing boss, said it closed down due to being unable to recruit workers in many textile mills. Original new ,10-20 years later, the male labor surplus and employment gender squeeze “will become increasingly serious. Male labor surplus will enhance competition in the labor force market, exacerbating the difficulty of female employment; certain industries and occupations, it may be a shortage of women to be the phenomenon of male alternative; some male jobs because the labor surplus, causing men to fierce competition.

The marriage squeeze a huge impact on the stability of the traditional family, triggering the crisis of marriage and family ethics. Female shortage of marriageable age population, fierce competition and conflict in intergenerational dislocation marriage “such as” inter-generational marriage, siblings marriage may in large numbers, extramarital affairs, third party interference, nonmarital birth, etc. social phenomena may follow breeding.

When the marriage but not marriage the number of men continue to accumulate, greatly increasing the risk of social instability and insecurity. Hundred villages the gender imbalance and social stability of survey technical report shows that the part of older unmarried men of the villages surveyed, involved in the destruction of social security activities in the past three years, the incidence was in the order of gambling, the mob, a partner theft and affray.

Sex Ratio at Birth to further strengthen the discrimination against women. In remote rural areas, women’s social and family status of the males may be threatened, women of the boy and do everything possible through artificial sex selection or bounce, it is not so completely from the shackles of traditional patriarchal liberation.

Original new view, China’s sex ratio at birth imbalance between long-term threat to the ecological safety of the population, the future of the social class structure, consumption structure, organization structure and so will be male dominated, the impact on economic and social sustainable development. Its far-reaching harm, as much as the middle of the last century the population expansion.

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